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All but your lowest two ribs are connected to your breastbone by cartilage. This cartilage can become inflamed and cause pain. This condition is called costochondritis. It is a common cause of chest pain.
Chest wall pain; Costosternal syndrome; Costosternal chondrodynia
There is often no known cause of costochondritis. But it may be caused by:
The most common symptom of costochondritis is pain and tenderness in the chest. You may feel:
Your health care provider will take your medical history and do a physical exam. Your provider will press on the area where the ribs meet the breastbone. If this area is tender and sore, costochondritis is the most likely cause of your chest pain.
A chest x-ray may be done if your symptoms are severe or do not improve with treatment.
Your provider may also order tests to rule out other conditions, such as a heart attack.
Costochondritis most often goes away on its own in a few days or weeks, though it can take up to a few months. Treatment focuses on relieving the pain.
Pain medicines, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve), may help to ease pain and swelling. You can buy these without a prescription.
You also may take acetaminophen (Tylenol) instead, if your provider tells you it is safe to do so. People with liver disease should not take this medicine.
If your pain is severe, your provider may prescribe stronger pain medicine.
In some cases, your provider may recommend physical therapy.
Costochondritis pain usually goes away in a few days or weeks.
Call 911 or go to your local emergency room right away if you have chest pain. The pain of costochondritis can be similar to the pain of a heart attack.
If you have already been diagnosed with costochondritis, call your provider if you have any of the following symptoms:
Because the cause is often unknown, there no known way to prevent costochondritis.
Buttaravoli P, Leffler SM, Costochondritis and musculoskeletal chest pain. In: Buttaravoli P, Leffler SM, eds. Minor Emergencies. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap. 62.
Imamura M, Cassius DA. Costosternal syndrome. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, Rizzo Jr TD, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014:chap 100.
Proulx AM, Zryd TW. Costochondritis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2009;80(6):617-620. PMID: 19817327. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19817327.
Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.